Posted: May 1, 2019
Submitted by: https://www.256kilobytes.com

The Beginner’s Vim Cheat Sheet

All of the Vim commands and tricks that you actually need to know. Hotkeys, tips, and tricks for beginners of all types.

What Is Vim?

Vim is a powerful text editor that allows you to edit text using only the keyboard – no mouse required. This helps to improve efficiency, particularly for software engineers, programmers and developers.

Vim comes with an array of default shortcuts, but you can also edit/add new commands to customize it using the .vimrc file.

Vim Commands Cheat Sheet, Copy-Pasteable

Exiting Vim

  • :w  - Write (Save)
  • :wq - Write and quit
  • :q  - Quit, fails if unsaved
  • :q! - Quit, even if unsaved

Modes

  • ESC    - Return to normal mode
  • i      - Insert at cursor position
  • a      - Insert after cursor position
  • o      - Insert on line below cursor
  • v      - Enter visual mode
  • ctrl+v - Enter visual mode (vertical)
  • V      - Enter visual mode (full lines)

Toggling Case

  • u [in visual mode] - To lowercase
  • U [in visual mode] - To uppercase
  • Undo/Redo
  • u      - Undo
  • ctrl+r - Redo

Movement

  • $     - Jump to end of line
  • ^     - Jump to start of line
  • h     - Move left
  • j     - Move down
  • k     - Move up
  • l     - Move right
  • H     - Move to top of screen
  • M     - Move to middle of screen
  • L     - Move to bottom of screen
  • gg    - Move to start of file
  • G     - Move to end of file
  • 420gg - Move to line 420
  • w     - Jump to start of next word
  • b     - Jump to start of prev word

Search

  • /something    - Search for string
  • n             - Jump to next match
  • N             - Jump to prev match
  • /something\c  - Case insensitive search

Copy-Pasting

  • y  [in visual mode] - Copy highlighted text
  • yy                  - Copy the current line
  • d  [in visual mode] - Cut highlighted text
  • dd                  - Cut the current line
  • Ctrl+Shift+V        - Paste from external clipboard

Find-and-Replace

  • Find and Replace All in Document
    • :%s/find/replace/g
  • Find and Replace All on Current Line
    • :s/find/replace/g  [in visual mode]  
  • Find and Replace All in Highlighted Section
    • :'<,'>s/find/replace/g  [in visual mode] 
  • Find and Replace All in Document
    • :%s/address/replace/g

Important Regular Expression (REGEX) Characters

  • . - Any single character
  • * - Up to unlimited characters

Original Post: The Beginner’s Vim Cheat Sheet

Tags: #Hotkeys #Programming #Vim

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